Each drawing in the Charged Places series carries a perceived mass independent of its reference source. These large geometric drawings are based on existing gates, barriers, and architectural elements. The sharp geometric boundaries, high contrast, and representative textures reference the weight and obstructive character of each object in life. As abstractions, the drawings serve much the same purpose as a barrier. Each halts our entry. Viewers question what is contained within or behind the mass, and unique identities of place are generated. Devoid of context the viewer is left to study the formal architecture and interpret any metaphor or functional use.